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Subject Topic: The hypothesis was substantiated Post ReplyPost New Topic
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yalioo123
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Joined: 23 December 2008
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Posted: 23 December 2008 at 12:25am | IP Logged Quote yalioo123

The theory of plate tectonics describes the motions of the lithosphere, the comparatively rigid outer layer of the Earth that includes all the crust and part of the underlying mantle. wow power leveling,The lithosphere is divided into a few dozen plates of various sizes and shapes, in general the plates are in motion with respect to one another. wow power leveling,A mid-ocean ridge is a boundary between plates where new lithospheric material is injected from belows. WoW Gold,As the plates diverge from a mid-ocean ridge they slide on a more yielding layer at the base of the lithosphere.

¡¡¡¡Since the size of the Earth is essentially constant, new lithosphere can be created at the mid-ocean ridges only if an equal amount of lithospheric material is consumed elsewhere.WoW Gold, The site of this destruction is another kind of plate boundary: a subduction zone. There one plate dives under the edge of another and is reincorporated into the mantle. Both kinds of plate boundary are associated with fault systems,WoW Gold, earthquakes and volcanism, but the kinds of geologic activity observed at the two boundaries are quite different.

¡¡¡¡The idea of sea-floor spreading actually preceded the theory of plate tectonics.World of warcraft Power Leveling, In its original version, in the early 1960's, it described the creation and destruction of the ocean floor, but it did not specify rigid lithospheric plates. The hypothesis was substantiated soon afterward by the discovery that periodic reversals of the Earth's magnetic field are recorded in the oceanic crust. As magma rises under the mid-ocean ridge, ferromagnetic minerals in the magma become magnetized in the direction of the geomagnetic field. When the magma cools and solidifies, the direction and the polarity of the field are preserved in the magnetized volcanic rock. Reversals of the field give rise to a series of magnetic stripes running parallel to the axis of the rift. wow gold,The oceanic crust thus serves as a magnetic tape recording of the history of the geomagnetic field that can be dated independently; the width of the stripes indicates the rate of the sea-floor spreading.

 

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